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Community composting

The EU Waste framework directive (Directive 2018/851/EU) defines a target to recycle 65% of municipal waste by 2035, along with separate biowaste collection or recycling at source by 2023. Composting is a natural method of waste recycling whereby the organic waste, under natural or induced conditions, is converted into organic fertiliser or soil additives.

Community composting is a localised solution for recycling organic solids, wherein different waste generators from one or more urban housing societies, small restaurants and shops collaborate to compost organic waste at a specific site. The output compost is generally used as a fertiliser and for soil amendment in local parks and green spaces within the community area, or sold through municipal buy-back programmes. The main benefit of community composting is that it allows large quantity of organic waste to be managed at- or near-source, avoiding the waste to be diverted to landfills or transported for secondary processing. This in-turn reduces the cost of waste processing for the city, at the same time reducing the resultant carbon emissions from landfills.

Cities may introduce policy and incentive measures to promote community composting by empanelling vendors, providing step-by-step guidelines, introducing compost buy-back programmes, incentivising and recognising communities undertaking community composting, and providing digital platforms for citizen to learn from and collaborate with one another.

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Circular economyBiodiversityClimate resilienceNature based solutionsWaste
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