Key EU legislations aim at transforming and decarbonising the European building stock. This includes:
- The Clean Energy Package for all Europeans – a comprehensive set of legislation that defines European climate and energy policy beyond 2020.
- The Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD),
- The Energy Efficiency Directive (EED), and
- The Renewable Energy Directive (RED) cover the main issues regarding building policies on a European level.
- A new Circular Economy Action Plan (CEAP) was adopted in March 2020. It includes measures that will help stimulate Europe’s transition towards a circular economy and encompasses the entire life cycle of products and key value chains, including construction and buildings.
- The National Energy and Climate Plans (NECPs) are closely interlinked with
- National Long-term renovation strategies (LTRS) and outline how Member States plan to reach their climate and energy targets.
Source: Jan Jakub Nanista on Unsplash
In addition to legislation, the EU has also adopted a series of initiatives to support Member States, increase knowledge about EU building stock, and monitor its progress over time: the Building Stock Observatory (BSO) collects data on all building typologies across the EU; while national databases on Energy Performance Certificates (EPC) are meant to provide up-to-date information on the performance of buildings sold, rented or which have undergone major renovations. LTRS and NECP also provide data on national building stock. This can help to assess the achievement of goals, compare different countries and building types, and monitor the effectiveness of policies and financial instruments.